Diagnostic Criteria for Anxiety Disorders
How TMS Treats Anxiety Disorders
According to an article in the Psychiatric Times, between 30-50% of patients do not respond to the standard treatments for anxiety, indicating a need for alternative or complimentary therapies in seeking relief from anxiety symptoms. For treatment-resistant anxiety, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is providing hope to those whose lives are negatively impacted by an anxiety disorder.
TMS is a neurostimulation therapy that uses magnetic fields applied through a coil placed over the scalp. By targeting the specific brain regions that regulate threat appraisal, conflict monitoring, risk aversion, and emotion regulation, TMS is providing promising results in tackling anxiety disorders. Clinical findings indicate that by targeting the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), TMS therapy can alter cortisol secretions and modify emotion regulation of anxiety, leading to sustained symptom relief and improved quality of life. TMS is safe, noninvasive, requires no sedation, and is very well tolerated by patients.